Evidence Briefs Series

  • 1. More research is needed on whether occupational therapy treatment for stroke patients after hospital discharge improves activities of daily living. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 2. Intervention to promote leisure activities may need to be fairly intensive and address inhibiting environmental factors. Evidence Briefpdf

  • 3. A leisure rehabilitation program may encourage stroke patients to participate in leisure activities and may improve their mobility and psychological well-being. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 4. Functional treatment may be as beneficial as sensorimotor integration. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 5. A combination of visual and motor cuing may be more effective than motor cuing alone in reducing left neglect. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 6. Practice in dressing may improve stroke patients’ dressing skills. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 7. Use of materials or imagery, instead of rote exercise, may improve stroke clients’ endurance. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 8. Reaching for an object elicits better quality of movement in stroke patients than reaching for no object. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 9. When stroke clients are reaching to accomplish a functional goal with a real object, they may show better organization of reaching movement than when they are simply reaching to perform the motion. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 10. Inflatable pressure splinting did not improve motor function in stroke patients’ arms. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 11. Cognitive training may be more effective than regular rehabilitation in improving stroke clients’ verbal function, memory, and logical thinking. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 12. Kinesthetic biofeedback is as beneficial as Brunnstrom’s movement therapy in improving elbow range of motion in stroke clients. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 13. Purpose may enhance stroke clients’ upper-limb performance. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 14. Resisted and rapid exercises may improve finger straightening; unresisted, slow-extension exercises may target finger straightening. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 15. Splinting may not reduce spasms in a paralyzed hand. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 16. Client-centered intervention may improve activities of daily living and discharge environment for stroke clients. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 17. Enjoyable activities may be more effective than traditional motor function exercises in improving stroke clients’ physical ability and psychosocial well-being. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 18. Finger exercises may enhance stroke clients’ grasp and release. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 19. Individualized, self-administered home therapy using a program of written and illustrated exercise may improve stroke clients’ motor ability. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 20. Training in cognitive and perceptual processing may enhance perceptual abilities in stroke clients with left hemiplegia. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 21. Caution: Splints may increase muscle spasticity in the hand. Evidence Brief - pdf

  • 22. The speed at which patients sand a board has greater influence on heart, lung, and metabolic function than the incline of board. Evidence Brief - pdf