Rehabilitation, Disability and Participation
(Sorted by date of publishing, with the most recent on top)
- Methodology for the Systematic Reviews on Occupational Therapy for Individuals With Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses
Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman, and V. Judith Thomas
- Occupational Therapy Interventions for Shoulder Conditions: A Systematic Review
Rebecca L. von der Heyde (January/February 2011)
- Systematic Review and Analysis of Work-Related Injuries to and Conditions of the Elbow
Paula Christine Bohr (January/February 2011)
- Occupational Therapy Interventions for Work-Related Injuries and Conditions of the Forearm, Wrist, and Hand: A Systematic Review
Debbie Amini (January/February 2011)
- Effective Occupational Therapy Interventions in the Rehabilitation of Individuals With Work-Related Low Back Injuries and Illnesses: A Systematic Review
Jeff Snodgrass (January/February 2011)
- Background and Methodology of the Older Driver Evidence-Based Systematic Literature Review
Wendy B. Stav, Marian Arbesman, and Deborah Lieberman (March/April 2008)
- Critical Review and Analysis of the Impact of the Physical Infrastructure on the Driving Ability, Performance, and Safety of Older Adults
Paula Christine Bohr (March/April 2008)
- Evidence-Based and Occupational Perspective of Effective Interventions for Older Clients That Remediate or Support Improved Driving Performance
Linda A. Hunt and Marian Arbesman (March/April 2008)
- Evidence-Based Perspective on the Effect of Automobile-Related Modifications on the Driving Ability, Performance, and Safety of Older Adults
Marian Arbesman and Joseph M. Pellerito (March/April 2008)
- Review of the Evidence Related to Older Adult Community Mobility and Driver Licensure Policies
Wendy B. Stav (March/April 2008)
- Evidence-Based Practice Forum Aota’s Evidence-Based Literature Review Project: An Overview
Deborah Lieberman and Jessica Scheer (May/June 2002)
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OT Practice Articles
(Sorted by date of publishing, with the most recent on top)
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SIS Quarterly Articles
(Sorted by date of publishing, with the most recent on top)
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|AOTA's CAT and CAP series are products of AOTA's Evidence-Based Literature Review Project. This series provides an “at-a-glance” synthesis of a group of articles selected for focused question literature reviews (CAT) as well as summaries of selected individual papers (CAP).
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|The Evidence Exchange is a central repository for evidence-based literature reviews and related resources, and is a place where occupational therapy practitioners can access quality evidence. Read more.
Evidence Briefs Series
|AOTA's Evidence Briefs series is a product of AOTA's Evidence-Based Literature Review Project. This series provides easy-to-read summaries of articles selected from scientific literature.
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(Sorted by date of publishing, with the most recent on top)
|A quarterly column in OT Practice designed to address the day-to-day needs of occupational therapy professionals to find and use the best available evidence from the scientific literature to inform the clinical reasoning process.
- Evidence Exchange: Reviewing a Critically Appraised Paper
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Salvador Bondoc, OTD, OTR/L, BCPR, CHT, Animesh Anand, OTD, OTR/L
(April 22, 2013)
- Evidence Exchange: Writing a Critically Appraised Paper
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Salvador Bondoc, OTD, OTR/L, BCPR, CHT
(December 17, 2012)
- Conflict of Interest: Policies for Creating a Culture of Accountability
Miranda Palmer, OTR/L
(August 20, 2012)
- Collaborations That Work: Using Evidence for Policy
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Jennifer Hitchon, JD, MHA
(April 23, 2012)
- Evidence Exchange - New Research Repository Created by AOTA's Evidence-Based Practice Project
Salvador Bondoc, OTD, OTR/L, BCPR, CHT, Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA
(February 20, 2012)
- Introducing...the Journal Club Toolkit
William Janes, OTD and Lizabeth Metzger, MS, OTR/L
(December 19, 2011)
- Occupational Therapy and the National Guideline Clearinghouse
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (August 22, 2011)
- Using Evidence in Practice - Experience From the Trenches
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Lizabeth Metzger, OTS, and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (April 25, 2011)
- Evidence-Based Practice Resources on Disability
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (February 21, 2011)
Evidence-Based Practice Resources - Productive Aging
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (April 26, 2010)
- Evidence-Based Practice Resources - Health and Wellness
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (August 31, 2009)
- Digging Deeper - Finding Targeted Evidence for Your Clinical Area
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (February 23, 2009)
- Free Access to Evidence-Based Resources on the Web
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (December 15, 2008)
- Evidence-Based Practice Resource Directory - Updated and Improved
Madeline Maglio, MS, OTR/L, Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L and Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA (September 8, 2008)
- Keeping Current - Using Journal Tables of Contents To Locate Evidence
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Jessica Scheer, PhD (May 26, 2008)
- Mental Health Evidence-Based Programs and Practices on the Web
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Jessica Scheer, PhD (February 4, 2008)
- AARP’S Online Research Databases
Jessica Scheer, PhD (October 8, 2007)
- Using the National Library of Medicine’s Web Resources
Jessica Scheer, PhD (September 10, 2007)
- Using Institute of Medicine Reports To Inform Practice
Jessica Scheer, PhD (July 9, 2007, 2007)
- New Web Portal to International Evidence-Based Practice Resources
Jessica Scheer, PhD (May 14, 2007)
- Using the Internet To Find Evidence To Inform Your Practice
Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Jessica Scheer, PhD (October 23, 2006)
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(Sorted by date of publishing, with the most recent on top)
|Evidence Bytes are featured in AOTA's 1-Minute Update e-newsletter. They are designed to connect members with resources and information about the evidence-based practice of occupational therapy.
April 9, 2013
Evidence Byte: Evidence Based Practice Update
Two new critically appraised topics (CATs) are available, on neurodegenerative diseases and driving and community mobility. CATs have a series of focused questions with answers to provide an "at a glance" synthesis of articles based on systematic reviews. Read the Occupational Therapy and Adults with Neurodegenerative Diseases CAT here and the updated review of Occupational Therapy and Driving and Community Mobility for Older Adults CAT here.
March 12, 2013
Evidence Byte: Evidence Exchange Open for Applications for CAP reviewers
Have you participated in the Evidence Exchange—a central repository for evidence-based literature reviews and related resources? It's a place where occupational therapy practitioners can access quality evidence. We're looking for individuals to review critically appraised summaries (CAPs) of research articles. The next round of application begins on Friday, March 15.
January 15, 2013
Evidence Byte: Evidence Exchange is Open for Critically Appraised Paper (CAP) Submissions and CAP Reviewers
Join your colleagues who are participating in the AOTA Evidence Exchange, a central repository for critically appraised summaries of individual research articles or CAPs. The Evidence Exchange is open for CAP submissions and CAP reviewers until March 2013. Click here for more information about the Evidence Exchange and for the CAP worksheet and CAP guidelines.
December 18, 2012
Evidence Byte: Updated Evidence Exchange on AOTA.org
We recently updated the information on participating in the Evidence Exchange, a central repository for Critically Appraised Papers (CAPs) and related resources. Find more information and materials to help you get started developing and submitting a CAP to the Evidence Exchange. In addition, resources on applying to be a CAP reviewer are available.
October 23, 2012
Evidence Byte: Updated Cochrane Review on Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
An updated Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis examined the effects of interventions to reduce falls in older adults, which included home modifications. Home safety assessment and modification interventions reduced rate of falls and risk of falls, particularly for those at higher risk of falling. The report indicated that the interventions appear to be more effective when delivered by an occupational therapist. Read more.
September 25, 2012
Evidence Byte: Evidence Exchange is Open for Critically Appraised Paper (CAP) Submissions
The AOTA Evidence Exchange, a central repository for critically appraised summaries of individual research articles or CAPs, is seeking CAP submissions until November 1 for this round of submissions. A new round will begin next year. Links to information about the Evidence Exchange and to the CAP worksheet and CAP guidelines are available here.
July 28, 2012
Evidence Byte: Finding Evidence in AJOT
Looking for evidence to inform your practice? The latest issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) has a variety of articles to inform your practice, including intervention studies on children (handwriting), adults (individuals with diabetes), and older adults (those experiencing trauma, life review writing). Find something for almost everyone (log in).
July 14, 2012
Evidence Byte: Online Source of Reviewed Evidence
Looking for new sources of relevant evidence? Sign up for Evidence Updates, a joint venture of the BMJ Group and McMaster University's Health Information Research Unit. You will regularly get updates on the latest articles and evidence summaries screened for quality of evidence. Recent updates included information on the use of robot-assisted arm training for stroke.
July 3, 2012
Evidence Byte: Evidence Exchange Open for Critically Appraised Paper (CAP) Submissions
The AOTA Evidence Exchange, a central repository for evidence-based literature reviews and related resources, is currently seeking submissions of critically appraised summaries of research articles or CAPs. The deadline for this round of submissions is August 1. Find more information about the Evidence Exchange here.
June 5, 2012
Evidence Byte: Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) for Productive Aging
The May/June edition of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) is a special issue on the relationship between occupation and productive aging. In addition to an article on the methods for the reviews, there are three systematic reviews of interventions related to instrumental activities of daily living, falls and home modifications, and health management, and one systematic review on the relationship of occupational engagement and health. Read more.
May 8, 2012
Evidence Byte: Apply to be a Critically Appraised Paper (CAP) Reviewer for Evidence Exchange
Have you heard about the Evidence Exchange? It's a central repository for evidence-based literature reviews and related resources. It is also a place where occupational therapy practitioners can access quality evidence. We're looking for individuals to review critically appraised summaries (CAPs) of research articles. Apply by June 1. Read more.
April 10, 2012
Evidence Byte: Evidence on Wheeled Mobility (Wheelchair) Service Delivery
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) recently announced the publication of a technical brief on Wheeled Mobility (Wheelchair) Service Delivery. The publication includes an objective description of the state of the science, implications of interventions, and a summary of ongoing research. Download the free technical brief here.
February 14, 2012
Evidence Byte: New Critically Appraised Topics (CATs) on Older Adults With Low vision
View the new CATs on low vision on AOTA's Web site in the evidence-based practice sections for productive aging; health and wellness; and rehabilitation, disability, and participation. Topics include OT interventions for ADL/IADL, leisure and social participation, and the use of optical, non-optical, and electronic reading devices for older adults with low vision. Read more.
January 17, 2012
Evidence Byte: Planning a journal club? Toolkit to the rescue!
The Journal Club Toolkit has documents and resources for planning and implementing a journal club. Sample fliers, worksheets, references, critical appraisal guides, a statistical reference sheet, and continuing education documentation reduce the preparation time needed for a journal club session. The kit can be used in any setting by occupational therapy practitioners interested in developing best practice. Read more.
December 6, 2011
Evidence Byte: Evidence Exchange Opens for Critically Appraised Paper (CAP) Submissions
The AOTA Evidence Exchange, a central repository for evidence-based literature reviews and related resources, is currently seeking submissions of critically appraised summaries of research articles or CAPs. There will be four rounds of submissions per year, and the first deadline is February 1. Read more.
October 25, 2011
Evidence Byte: Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) for Alzheimer's Disease
The September/October issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) includes a special issue on EBP for occupational therapy for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. In addition to an article on the methodology for the reviews, there are six systematic reviews of interventions related to occupation, environment, modification of activity demands, perception, caregivers, and falls. Read more.
September 13, 2011
Evidence Byte: Study on Evidence-Based Pain Management
McMaster University is conducting a study on Pain Plus—a new free information service for evidence-based pain management—and is looking to recruit occupational therapy practitioners to participate. Pain Plus will make keeping up to date easier for clinicians by offering a searchable database of the best evidence from the health care literature and an e-mail alerting system. Read more.
June 21, 2011
Evidence Byte: Meta-analysis of Impact of Cultural Competence on Outcomes
A meta-analysis studying the impact of cultural competence interventions on rehabilitation outcomes for ethnically and linguistically diverse individuals with disabilities found that cultural competence interventions result in improvements in disability-related symptoms, well-being, self-efficacy, and quality of life. The National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research recently published a technical brief of the meta-analysis here.
May 24, 2011
Evidence Byte: Community Guide Systematic Reviews
The Community Guide produces systematic reviews covering a variety of public health topics that answer questions such as: What interventions have and have not worked? What might the intervention cost? What interventions need more research before we know if they work or not? A task force of independent, nonfederal, and volunteer public health and prevention experts selected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conduct the reviews. The topics cover conditions and issues across the life span, including the most recently added review on health communication and social marketing
April 26, 2011
Evidence Byte: New Practice Guidelines Posted on the National Guideline
The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has recently posted AOTA's evidence-based practice guidelines on autism, driving, stroke, traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, and work-related injuries and illnesses. These guidelines join the previously posted guideline on neurodegenerative diseases. Each guideline posted on NGC includes a summary of evidence as well as recommendations for evaluation and treatment. Read more.
March 29, 2011
Evidence Byte: Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence
The Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence (SCIRE) project is a Canadian-based collaboration among health centers, universities, scientists, clinicians, and consumers in Canada and Britain. SCIRE covers spinal cord injury topics from early rehabilitation to community integration. Evidence is translated into easy-to-read summaries that encourage the use of evidence to improve quality of care. Read more.
February 1, 2011
OT and Work-Related Injuries and Illnessess
The January/February 2011 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) has a wealth of evidence on occupational therapy for work-related injuries and illnesses. The special issue includes four systematic reviews on conditions related to the shoulder, elbow, hand, wrist, and forearm, and low back. Also include is an article describing the methodology used for the reviews. Read more.
December 21, 2010
Evidence Byte: Evidence-Based Practice Resources for Veterans
The North Carolina Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Services has resources on evidence-based practices for those working with veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI), substance use disorders, and challenges with mental health issues and homelessness. Included in the TBI section are general resources as well as specific information on screening, evaluation, and treatment. Read more
November 23, 2010
Evidence Byte: Evidence Based Practice Section on AOTA.org Updated!
New Critically Appraised Topics (CATs) are now available in the areas of Productive Aging, Rehabilitation Disability & Participation, Mental Health, and Health and Wellness on www.AOTA.org. The new CATs are systematic reviews of the effectiveness of instrumental activities of daily living, fall prevention and home modifications, health management for older adults, and the relationship between occupation and health for the older community-dwelling adult. Read more
September 28, 2010
Evidence Byte: Evidence for Biobehavioral Program for Alzheimer's Disease
A study by Laura Gitlin and colleagues to reduce environmental stressors for persons with Alzheimer's disease and improve interventions and coping mechanisms for their family caregivers was recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). The randomized controlled trial—conducted by occupational therapists and advanced practice nurses—resulted in better functional outcomes at 4 months not maintained at 9, although caregivers perceived many benefits throughout. Read more.
August 3, 2010
Evidence Byte: Cochrane Review on Upper Limb Sensory Impairment Following Stroke
A recently published Cochrane Collaboration systematic review by occupational therapists Susan Doyle, Sally Bennett, Susan Fasoli, and Kryss McKenna examines the effectiveness of interventions that target sensory impairment in the upper limb following stroke including, sensory retraining, sensory stimulation, intermittent pneumatic compression, mirror therapy, and thermal stimulation. Read more
July 6, 2010
Evidence Byte: New Evidence-Based Practice Guideline from AOTA
AOTA Press recently published Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders
and is available at the AOTA Online Store. This evidence-based practice guideline, authored by Patricia Schaber, PhD, OTR/L, provides information on best practices for assessment and intervention for this population.
June 8, 2010
Evidence Byte: Evidence for Effectiveness of Hand Function Measure
A recent article by Christine Chen and Rita Bode in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation reported good psychometric properties for a recently developed hand function outcome measure. The Manual Ability Measure-36 (MAM-36) uses self-report to determine performance in a variety of functional tasks. Read more here
May 11, 2010
Preventing Alzheimer’s Disease and Cognitive Decline
A new evidence-based report on interventions to prevent Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cognitive decline has recently been posted on the website of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
. Protective factors demonstrating a consistent association with decreased risk of AD and cognitive decline were cognitive engagement and physical activities. The full report can be downloaded there.
April 14, 2010
Evidence Byte: Improved Access to Evidence Resources
AOTA recently reorganized the Evidence-Based Practice resources on AOTA.org (log in) by the six main practice areas, then by type of product, making it easier than ever to find evidence to inform and guide your work. Under each of the practice areas, resources are now organized by AJOT articles, OT Practice articles, SIS Quarterly articles, CATs and CAPs, Evidence Briefs Series, Evidence Perks, and Evidence Bytes. Try this enhanced member benefit now (log in).
March 16, 2010
Evidence Byte: Practice Guideline for Fall Prevention
A comparison and synthesis of three practice guidelines for the prevention of falls in the elderly is available at the website of the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC). The NGC synthesis includes information on assessment, intervention, grading process for making recommendations, and areas of agreement between the three practice guidelines.
February 16, 2010
Newsletter Provides Evidence-Based Resources
reSearch, a newsletter of the National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) provides free, downloadable PDFs of topics of interest to occupational therapy practitioners. The newsletters provide summaries of articles and resources. Titles include Evidence-Based Practice in Life Skill Training, Brain Injury and Community Integration, and Aphasia and Stroke Rehabilitation.
November 10, 2009
The Center for the Study of Yoga and Health—Evidence-Based Yoga evaluates peer-reviewed scientific research on yoga for children and youth and provides information on its benefits. A bibliography of evidence-based articles pertaining to yoga is available at the site, and includes studies on chronic pain, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and heart disease.
October 14, 2009
Use of rehabilitation therapy for ventilated, critically ill patients
A recently published study in Lancet evaluated the efficacy of early occupational and physical therapy for mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients. The results of this randomized controlled trial found that those receiving early therapy were more than 2.5 times more likely to return to independent functional status than those receiving standard care. Read more.
September 14, 2009
Evidence for Treatment of Overweight and Obesity
Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults provides important background evidence and treatment ideas for occupational therapy interventions in this innovative existing and emerging area of practice. The guideline is available online at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) at NIH.
July 20, 2009
Practice Guidelines From AOTA
Three evidence-based occupational therapy practice guidelines have recently been published by AOTA Press and are available at the AOTA Store. They are: Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury; Individuals With Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses; and Children and Adolescents With Autism
July 7, 2009
Evidence-Based Alternative Medicine
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine from the National Institutes of Health provides evidence-based information on a variety of topics and conditions in A-Z Index of Health Conditions. Of interest to occupational therapy practitioners are summaries of research on topics such as tai chi, yoga, stress, and spinal manipulation.
May 26, 2009
Computer Usage With Arthritis and Fibromyalgia
In the May issue of Arthritis and Rheumatism, Nancy A. Baker, ScD, OTR/L, presents evidence for the level of discomfort experienced by persons with arthritis when using a computer. The survey results indicated that 84% reported a problem with computer use attributed to arthritis, and approximately 77% reported some discomfort related to computer use.
April 27, 2009
US Cochrane Center Summit on Evidence-Based Guidelines
The US Cochrane Center of the Cochrane Collaboration will be sponsoring a “Stakeholder Summit on Using Quality Systematic Reviews To Inform Evidence-Based Guidelines” on June 4 to 5 in Baltimore, Maryland. Experts will discuss the role of guidelines in health care and the latest methods and practices for systematic review and guideline development.
March 3, 2009
Evidence for Injury Prevention
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center (HIPRC) has a wealth of information on topics of interest to occupational therapy practitioners, including head injuries, bicycle accidents, burns, occupational injury, rehabilitation, and violence. Find valuable evidence in the Best Practices Section and in the bibliography listing in HIPRC Publication.
February 2, 2009
Evidence for Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation
Vanderploeg, et al (2008) examined the efficacy of the functional-experiential approach (a modified version of the neurofunctional approach of Giles and Clark-Wilson) versus the cognitive-didactic treatment for military personnel with traumatic brain injury. While there was no difference between groups at one year, there were subgroup differences based on age and education. Read more here.
December 22, 2008
Public Health Interventions
The CDC's Community Guide provides systematic reviews and evidence-based recommendations on public health issues such as obesity, physical activity, mental health, violence, the work site, driving, and the social environment (including early childhood development). This Web site is a must-see for any student, clinician, or researcher interested in preventative approaches or health promotion.
November 24, 2008
OT and Clinical Conditions Related to Workers' Compensation
Summaries of the findings of systematic reviews of occupational therapy interventions for work-related injuries and illnesses have recently been added to AOTA's Critically Appraised Topics (CATs) and Critically Appraised Papers (CAPs).
November 10, 2008
StrokEngine, a product of the Canadian Stroke Network, provides summaries of interventions used in stroke rehabilitation. Using a methodical review process, the summaries are developed from high-quality articles, Web sites, and systematic reviews and include ratings of the evidence. Available summaries include the Quick Review, In-Depth Review, and Patient/Family Information.
October 27, 2008
Healthcare 411, developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), provides news and evidence-based information for consumers and clinicians. Transcripts, video, and podcasts are available on a variety of topics. "Health Care Innovations," a guide to evidence-based decision making, is a recent addition.
October 14, 2008
A free webcast from the National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research, When the Best Is the Enemy of the Good—The Nature of Research Evidence Used in Systematic Reviews and Guidelines, is scheduled for October 28, from 2:00 p.m.-3:30 p.m. (CDT). The webcast was rescheduled due to Hurricane Ike.
September 29, 2008
Find EBP Resources by Practice Area
AOTA's Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Resource Directory has been reorganized to allow you to find resources under the six broad practice areas identified in the Centennial Vision¬—Children and Youth; Mental Illness; Health and Wellness; Productive Aging; Rehabilitation, Disability, and Participation; and Work and Industry. See the September 8 Evidence Perk column in OT Practice for search and navigation tips!
September 3, 2008
Systematic Review Webcasts
The National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research (NCDDR) will host two free Webcasts in September to discuss the systematic review process used for evidence-based practice by those in the disability and rehabilitation fields. See the Web site for descriptions of the September 3 and September 17 Webcasts and free registration.
August 18, 2008
Updated NCDRR Web Site
The Web site for the National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research (NCDDR) has been recently updated and includes a Registry for Systematic Reviews. Search the registry by keyword, journal title, author, type of review, and year of publication. Resources on knowledge translation are also included.
August 4, 2008
The Evidence-Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation Web site provide reviews of up-to-date evidence on topics including the efficacy of stroke rehabilitation, cognitive disorders and apraxia, the rehabilitation of severe stroke, and the rehabilitation of younger patients. The site was developed by a Canadian team of stroke experts.
July 21, 2008
Falls, Neurological and Cognitive Disorders
Health Care Innovations Exchange, a resource of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), is a nationwide repository for successful and failed health care innovations. A description and rating of evidence for each program is provided. Search by topic to find information on falls and on neurological and cognition disorders.
June 23, 2008
Health and Wellness
The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability contains summaries of evidence-based studies on the effects of an active lifestyle on the health and wellness of persons with disabilities. The Center also has information specialists available to answer questions and help consumers and practitioners maximize their use of the Web site.
June 9, 2008
Arthritis Intervention Programs
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides information on evidence-based programs to improve the lives of people with arthritis. Types of interventions are organized by subject heading and include communications campaigns promoting physical activity, four physical activity programs, and self-management education programs.
May 27, 2008
The AccessMyLibrary Web site provides free access to subscription databases for educational, personal, and research needs through your personal library card or U.S. driver’s license. Type in key search words or browse by encyclopedia, publication, or a specific subject heading to begin your search.
May 12, 2008
Improving the Quality of Health Care
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Evidence-Based Practice Centers (EPCs) Program provides links to evidence reports and technology assessments. Reports are categorized into clinical, technical, and health care services headings, and include diagnostic, prevention, and treatment information to improve the quality of health care.
April 28, 2008
The National Institute of Health's Web page on Clinical Center Nursing provides an overview of evidence-based practice (EBP), including topics on determining the quality of research studies and ways to implement evidence in practice. Definitions, models, tutorials, and other resources about specific components of EBP are also available.
April 14, 2008
Model of Human Occupation
The MOHO Clearinghouse features information about the Model of Human Occupation. Searches for articles that inform evidence-based practice can be specified by topic of interest, age, practice area, setting, and assessment. Archived listserv discussions related to searches done at this site are also available.
March 17, 2008
Evaluating the Evidence
The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) of the Public Health Research Unit, in Oxford, has excellent resources to evaluate the quality of research articles being considered as evidence for practice. The resources can apply to a variety of research designs, including systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, and qualitative research.
March 3, 2008
Making Scientific Evidence More Relevant to Practice
A recent National Institutes of Health lecture by Lawrence W. Green, a public health researcher and developer of the "Precede-Proceed Model," proposes five ways to make scientific evidence more relevant to practice. The methods—both traditional and new—offer a comprehensive approach that could be used for occupational therapy and other health professions. The lecture is available as a video or podcast titled "If We Want More Evidence-Based Practice, We Need More Practice-Based Evidence."
February 19, 2008
Individuals Using Wheelchairs
Seating and mobility, a Web site developed by Sunny Hill Health Centre in British Columbia, is a goldmine of evidence-based resources for OT practitioners who work with people using wheelchairs. See the 2001-2006 Proceedings of the International Seating Symposium for valuable evidence-based references.
February 4, 2008
Institute of Medicine Report Calls for National Program to Assess Health Care Services
Citing soaring health care premiums and consumer and payer confusion, a prestigious panel of scientists has recommended a national program that would give the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services the authority and resources to fund and manage the systematic review of the clinical effectiveness of health care services. The proposed program would serve as a "trusted resource for reliable information" and lead to the development of a common language and standards for systematic reviews, scientists said.
January 22, 2008
New International OT Database
Evidence-based resources and tools for OT have been added to JBI COnNECT, a Web site maintained by the Joanna Briggs Institute in Australia. The site's information is aimed at facilitating clinical decision making at the point-of-care. Resources include databases of best practices, systematic reviews, and a patient outcomes program. A subscription is required
November 5, 2007
UW Site Offers Evidence-Based Learning
HealthLinks, a University of Washington (UW) Web site, offers a wealth of information for practitioners. Included are articles on reading and interpreting systematic reviews and meta-analyses, qualitative studies, and economic analyses. A format for developing focused clinical questions also is available.
October 9, 2007
Home Modifications Interventions
The Home Modification Information Clearinghouse Project is an online resource library with evidence-based reviews of modification interventions such as selecting diameters for grab rails. Managed by the Health Sciences and Architecture faculty at the University of Sydney, the site was designed to meet the needs of occupational therapy practitioners, designers, building contractors, and consumers.
September 24, 2007
Health Protection Research
Advancing the Nation's Health: A Guide to Public Health Research Needs, 2006-2015, developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, emphasizes the need for future evidence-based programming and research. It covers many areas of importance to occupational therapy, including promoting health to reduce chronic diseases and disability, creating safer and healthier places, and promoting interdisciplinary, cross-cutting health research.
August 27, 2007
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
The Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Provider Education Project is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the CFIDS Association of America. The project includes two free online courses on CFS that are relevant to occupational therapy and provide evidence-based information on fundamentals and management.
July 30, 2007
New on the NARIC Web Site
The National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) has opened access to some full-text documents in its database, REHABDATA. The latest reviews are “Best Practices in Vocational Rehabilitation,” “Olmstead and Community-Based Services for Persons with Psychiatric and Intellectual Disabilities,” and “The Disability Rights Movement: From Client to Consumer.”
July 2, 2007
Research Syntheses of AHRQ-Sponsored Studies
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) offers research syntheses that interpret findings from AHRQ-sponsored studies to show how research results can be used in meaningful ways to improve health care. Topics include mental health; patient-centered care; preventing disability in elders with chronic diseases and helping elders with osteoarthritis maintain function and mobility
June 18, 2007
Cochrane Reviews Offer Summaries of Low Vision Research
The magnifying reading aids review examines the effectiveness of prism glasses and various optical and head-mounted electronic devices for adults with low vision. The orientation and mobility training review compares training with or without associated devices to other interventions for low vision, such as physical exercise.
Check out magnifying reading aids here.
View orientation and mobility training here.
June 4, 2007
NIH Offers E-Newsletter on Research-Based Health Information
NIH News in Health, the monthly newsletter sharing health news and information on the latest National Institutes of Health research, is now available online. Sign up to be notified when new issues are posted. Check out past topics: "What Causes Addiction" (April 2007); "Caring for the Caregivers" (August 2006); and "Low-Calorie Diet May Slow Aging Process" (May 2006).
May 21, 2007
Clinical Practice Guidelines for Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Available
A special issue of Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation (2006: Volume 13, Number 2) features the "Ottawa Panel Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Post-Stroke Rehabilitation." The Ottawa Systematic Review Group, including occupational therapist Mary Egan, addressed 13 categories of post-stroke intervention. download article here.
May 7, 2007
CDC Site Expands Health Resource Offerings
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has unveiled a new user-centered site to provide better access to health and safety topics; data and statistics; news and events; expanded resources; and an improved search engine. Download podcasts, and sign up for e-mail update service at the CDC Web site. Check out a virtual tour of the site.
March 12, 2007
Setting Up an Evidence-Based Health Program
Using What Works: Adapting Evidence-Based Programs to Fit Your Needs is a training tool for educators and health promoters sponsored by the National Cancer Institute. This course, available free on a CD-ROM, discusses how to choose an evidence-based health program, modify it to meet the specific needs of a population, and evaluate the success of the program.
December 18, 2006
OT Improves Independence After Stroke
The Cochrane Collaboration has published an evidence-based review and meta-analysis "Occupational Therapy for Patients With Problems in Activities of Daily Living After Stroke." After reviewing 10 studies (N = 1,348), authors found that individuals who received occupational therapy were more independent in their ADLs and more likely to maintain these abilities. Select "Browse Free Summaries."
December 4, 2007
Occupational Therapy Improves Quality of Life for Clients With Dementia and Caregivers
Occupational therapy significantly improves overall functioning and reduces the need for assistance in day-to-day tasks, according to a new study in the British Medical Journal. In addition, occupational therapy also reduces pressure on caregivers and helps them feel more competent.
November 6, 2006
Disability in America
Funded by the CDC, NIDRR, and NIH, the Institute of Medicine study to update the 1991 report Disability in America and the 1997 Enabling America project has published "Workshop on Disability in America: A New Look—Summary and Background Papers." Topics include disability across the age spectrum and in the context of normal aging; and trends in the amount, types, and causes of disability.
September 25, 2006
Clinical Practice Guidelines Available Online
The National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC) Web site is a public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The site offers summaries (brief and full) of many OT-relevant practice guidelines, including the revised "Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders," published in 2004 by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
August 28, 2006
Have You Had Your EVIDENCE BYTE?
EVIDENCE BYTE is a bimonthly feature of the 1-Minute Update designed to connect members with resources and information about the evidence-based practice of occupational therapy. Two new resources include the American Society of Interior Designers' "Aging in Place Resource Center," which links to the National Aging in Place Council and information about state and national policies and programs. Also, see the NIDRR-funded Rehabilitation Engineering Research and Training Center of Inclusive Design and Environmental Access (IDEA) for the results of innovative research, downloadable reports, and articles.
August 14, 2006
Check Out These Evidence-Based Practice Resources
The National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) offers two online services that support EBP: (1) REHABDATA Connection, a monthly listserv that provides abstracts of newly published articles on topics of interest (e.g., home modification); and (2) reSearch, a monthly feature that presents abstracts of articles on topics posed by real world scenarios (i.e., evidence-based practice in life skills training).